Emotional Wellbeing


Mandy Kloppers

What are the Types of Sexual Dysfunction in Men?

Sexual dysfunction is a broad term that refers to any sexual disorder in men.

There are many different types, and some disorders can be severe enough to result in physical pain or emotional distress.

In this article we will discuss the most common types of sexual dysfunction in men, as well as who they affect and what causes them.

What is Sexual Dysfunction?

Sexual dysfunction in men is a term that encompasses a wide range of sexual health problems.

Sexual dysfunction is a medical term used to describe an issue that prevents an individual from having or enjoying healthy and satisfying sex life.

The sexual response cycle includes four phases. The first phase is excitement, which can be defined as the state where you are engaged in physical contact with your partner and are highly motivated to have sex.

This is followed by a plateau, an increase in heart rate and blood flow, and continues to grow intensity until it reaches a peak known as orgasm.

An orgasm is an intense feeling of pleasure that occurs when you’re stimulated. This can be through manual or oral contact or even penetration! During an orgasm, your body tenses up, then relaxes, and the muscles around your genitals contract rhythmically for about 15 seconds.

When a man has an orgasm, he ejaculates semen. During the process of ejaculation, muscles in his penis contract rapidly and forcefully to release fluid from his prostate gland through the urethra.

During resolution, the body slowly returns to its normal level of functioning and swollen or erectile tissue will go back down in size. This phase is marked by a general sense of well-being with enhanced intimacy that may result in fatigue as a side effect.

When a person has sexual dysfunction, they may not experience satisfaction during any phase of the sexual response cycle and prevents you from having enjoyable experiences with intimacy due to unfulfilled desires for pleasure in intimate activities such as foreplay leading up towards penetration by intercourse (orgasm). 

What are the types of sexual dysfunction?


There are various causes of sexual dysfunction which includes

Sexual disorders can be caused by physical problems and medical conditions such as heart disease, hormone imbalances or psychological issues like anxiety, depression and past trauma – these are only some of the potential factors which could lead to this kind of problem!

The four categories of sexual dysfunction are:

1) Desire disorders

Desire disorders are related to a decrease or lack in sexual desire and interest in sex. These hormonal changes can be caused by low estrogen or testosterone levels as well as other medical conditions such as diabetes, heart disease. Relationship problems can also trigger the disorder if they’re not resolved.

2) Arousal disorders

Arousal disorders are a common problem that can make it difficult or impossible to become physically aroused during sexual activity. The most common type in men is erectile dysfunction, which means they may be interested in sex but will not get any physical satisfaction because there’s not enough blood flow reaching his penis at any point during foreplay which causes lack of genital stimulation

3) Orgasm disorders

What is an orgasm (climax) disorder? These involve the absence of orgasms or delayed gratification. They can be a common problem for women, but they’re also seen in men who experience them as well. Pain during sexual activity, stress fatigue brought on by hormonal changes and reduced libido could all lead to this issue.

4) Pain disorders

Pain disorder is a condition in which the individual has intense, chronic pain during intercourse.

Pain disorders affect both men and women. Women may experience pain during intercourse due to vaginal dryness, vaginismus (a condition that affects the vaginal muscles), urinary tract infections (UTIs) or other conditions such as hormonal changes in menopause.

For males, there are several examples ranging from Peyronie’s disease – physical damage done on the penis via infection –prostatitis which is inflammation inside your prostate gland (the organ responsible for producing fluids that keep you mobile) yeast infections…and even skin conditions associated with sex life such as sexually transmitted diseases like genital herpes simplex.

Who is most likely to be affected by sexual dysfunction?

Some people feel that sexual dysfunction is a disorder only found in older adults. There are many different causes for sexual dysfunction, but it is more common in men over 40 due to the natural aging process.

However, this may not always be true as it can affect anyone and often occurs with the decline of health associated with age-related illnesses such as diabetes or arthritis.

When you’re older, your health can also decline which then affects your hormones and libido/sexual desire! 

What are the Symptoms of Sexual Dysfunction?

  • unable to achieve or maintain an erection for intercourse (erectile dysfunction)
  • absent or delayed ejaculation despite being sufficiently aroused (retarded ejaculation)
  • can’t control when they ejaculate, causing it to happen too early (early or premature ejaculation)

What Causes Sexual Dysfunction?

Physical/Medical causes:

  • diabetes 
  • heart and vascular (blood vessel) disease
  • neurological disorders
  • hormonal imbalances
  • chronic diseases such as kidney or liver failure
  • alcoholism 
  • drug abuse
  • antidepressant drugs

Psychological causes:

  • work-related stress and anxiety
  • concern about sexual performance
  • marital or relationship problems
  • depression
  • feelings of guilt
  • concerns about body image
  • effects of a past sexual trauma

What Medications Can Cause Sexual Dysfunction?

  • Antihistamines and decongestants can cause erectile dysfunction
  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-hypertensive medications (used to treat high blood pressure)
  • Hormone medications

Can Sexual Dysfunction Be Cured?

The success of treatment for sexual dysfunction depends on the underlying cause. Some problems such as stress, fear, or anxiety can be successfully treated with counseling and improved communication between partners; others require medical attention to see improvement in their symptoms

A condition that’s related to a treatable problem may improve over time if you take an active role in your health care while working closely together with health providers.


How is Sexual Dysfunction Treated?

sexual dysfunction




Most types of sexual dysfunction can be treated by treating the underlying physical or psychological problems.

Treatment option includes:


For Men

These drugs help improve sexual function by increasing blood flow to the penis.

  • sildenafil (Viagra®),
  • tadalafil (Cialis®),
  • vardenafil (Levitra®, Staxyn®)
  • avanafil (Stendra®)

For women

Hormonal options such as estrogen and testosterone can be used to treat low desire.

  • flibanserin (Addyi®)
  • bremelanotide (Vyleesi®)

Sex Therapy

Sex therapy can help people experiencing sexual problems that their primary care doctors are unable to address.

Therapists often serve as great marriage counselors, too! For those patients wanting to begin enjoying a healthy sex life together again, it’s worth taking the time and effort needed for professional treatment with an expert in this field of work who knows how best to handle these types of situations.

Behavioral treatments

Behavioral treatments involve a variety of techniques designed to help you solve your problems. You can learn about harmful behaviors in relationships or even self-stimulation to help fix issues that may be causing a lack of arousal and/or orgasm.


Psychotherapy is the best way for people struggling with past trauma, anxiety and fears related to sex. It can help them address any feelings of guilt or shame from those experiences as well as poor body image that may be affecting their ability to perform sexually.


Education and communication

The importance of communication and education about sex is vital to overcoming anxieties. Open communication with your partner will help you both feel more comfortable discussing needs, concerns or worries so they can be resolved together as a couple. These are necessary for an optimal healthy sex life!


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