mental health Kavin Jack

10 Things You Should Know About Wisdom Tooth Removal

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Third molars, or wisdom teeth, grow in most people between the ages of 18 and 24. They served the purpose of chewing and mastication in primitive times since the diet of our ancestors consisted of tough meat, raw plants, and nuts. However, today, we consume a much softer diet, which has eliminated the need for these teeth. While most people bear all four, 5% to 37% of people completely lack one or more of their wisdom teeth.

Things You Should Know about Wisdom Teeth Extraction

  • Cost

If not removed on time, wisdom teeth can lead to other oral health problems. As they grow, they put pressure on adjacent teeth. This causes mal-alignment of the existing teeth and crowding of lower anterior teeth.

Over 10 million third molars are extracted every year in the US. 70% of people have less than enough space to accommodate all four wisdom teeth who seek removal. Luckily, there are several reliable dentists present all over the world today that can help you with these processes.

For example, in San Francisco, SF Oral Surgery employs the best oral and maxillofacial surgeons, that too at incredibly reasonable prices. They guide you in detail regarding the procedure and its post-surgical care. For this reason, they have one of the most commonly visited websites if you look up wisdom teeth removal in San Francisco near me. So, book a consultation with them today to ensure a smooth experience.

  • Causes of Wisdom Tooth-Related Pain

Growing wisdom teeth cause mild discomfort and pain. Sometimes, food debris and bacteria tend to get entrapped in the gums surrounding the tooth, causing pericoronitis. This is characterized by soft tissue inflammation, soreness, and foul breath. Impacted wisdom teeth cause continuous, aching pain. This is usually accompanied by a headache and a stiff jaw. Additionally, they may be affected by carious or periodontal disease, cysts, or abscesses of various types.

  • Before the Procedure

A thorough examination is carried out prior to the removal process. The position of the tooth and the ease of access to the tooth is evaluated. A radiograph is taken to assess the shape, curvature of roots, and the distance of the tooth from the underlying nerve. Underlying health conditions and comorbidities are taken into account.

  • Types of Wisdom Tooth Extraction

There are two methods for wisdom tooth extraction. One is the closed or simple extraction when the associated features are optimal so that the extraction can be done without surgery. The other is the open or surgical extraction when the associated features are less than optimal so that surgery can provide extensive measures to remove the tooth.

  • During the Procedure

A proper protocol of extraction is followed as per the guidelines of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Local anesthesia is either used alone to provide analgesia or in combination with a sedative. Sedation is achieved by nitrous oxide gas to reduce anxiety.

  • The Extraction Procedure

In a non-surgical extraction, the tooth is slowly extracted from the socket. For a surgical extraction, a soft tissue flap is raised, a small portion of the underlying bone is guttered, and the tooth is taken out. This is followed by stitches.

  • After The Procedure

A cotton gauze is placed in the mouth, and the patient is asked to bite on it for 30 minutes. A cold and soft diet is recommended for the first three days, to be chewed from the opposite side. The patient is instructed not to use a straw, spit out, or rinse for 24 hours. Excessive physical exertion is also to be avoided.

Normally, a painkiller is enough to relieve pain. An anti-inflammatory drug may also be added. If there is an increased risk of infection, adjunctive antibiotics may also be prescribed. The patient is recommended to visit again after seven days for the removal of stitches.

  • Recovery

A minimally-traumatic technique leads to a quick and easy recovery in about 2-3 days. A surgical extraction takes about 7-10 days to recover but is quite smooth as well. Rarely a procedural or patient error can lead to a complication.

  • Dry Socket

2% to 5% of normal wisdom teeth and 20% of impacted wisdom teeth lead to a dry socket following extraction. This happens if the patient swishes water around their mouth, spits out, or uses a straw. This dislodges the blood clot and exposes the bone, causing extreme sensitivity and pain.

  • Damage To The Inferior Alveolar Nerve

When the tooth lies too close to the underlying inferior alveolar nerve, there is a chance that it gets damaged. This causes temporary or permanent loss of sensation in the tongue and face on the affected side.

 Conclusion

Wisdom tooth extraction is a common procedure that can reduce the risk of dental problems or eliminate existing ones. The decision to get your wisdom tooth is significant and requires you to make an informed decision. So, reach out to a trusted dental surgeon to receive the best quality of care.

Kavin Jack
Author: Kavin Jack

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